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About Barcelona

About BarcelonaBarcelona (/ˌbɑːrsəˈloʊnə BAR-sə-LOH-nə, Catalan: [bəɾsəˈlonə], Spanish: [baɾθeˈlona]) could be a town in Spain. it’s the capital and largest town of Catalonia, furthermore because the second most thickly settled municipality of Spain. With a population of one.6 million at intervals town limits, its populated area extends to various neighbor municipalities at intervals the Province of port and is home to around four.8 million folks, creating it the sixth most thickly settled populated area within the EU once Paris, London, Madrid, the Ruhr space and Milan. It is the largest metropolis on the sea of Mediterranean, mounted on the coast between mouths of the rivers Llobregat and Besòs, and limited to the west by the Miguel Jose Serra Delaware Collserola chain of mountains, the tallest peak of that is 512 metres (1,680 feet) high.
Founded as a Roman town, within the Middle Ages port became the capital of the County of port. once merging with the dominion of Aragon, port continued to be a crucial town within the Crown of Aragon as AN economic and body centre of this Crown and also the capital of the domain of Catalonia. port features a made cultural heritage and is nowadays a crucial cultural centre and a serious holidaymaker destination. significantly illustrious ar the subject works of Antoni Gaudí and Lluís Domènech i Montaner, that are selected United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization World Heritage Sites. The headquarters of the Union for the Mediterranean is found in port. town is thought for hosting the 1992 Summer athletic competition furthermore as first conferences and expositions and conjointly several international sport tournaments.
Barcelona is one amongst the world’s leading holidaymaker, economic, trade truthful and cultural centres, and its influence in commerce, education, diversion, media, fashion, science, and also the arts all contribute to its standing jointly of the world’s major international cities. it’s a serious cultural and economic centre in southwestern Europe, twenty fourth within the world (before Zürich, once Frankfurt) and a monetary centre. In 2008 it had been the fourth most economically powerful town by GDP within the EU and thirty fifth within the world with GDP amounting to €177 billion. In 2012 port had a GDP of $170 billion; and it had been leading Spain engaged rate therein moment.
In 2009 {the town|the town|town} was stratified Europe’s third and one amongst the world’s most palmy as a city whole. within the same year {the town|the town|town} was stratified Europe’s fourth best town for business and quickest up European city, with growth improved by Revolutionary Organization 17 November each year, and also the town has been experiencing robust and revived growth for the past 3 years. Since 2011 port has been a number one sensible town in Europe. port could be a transport hub, with the Port of port being one amongst Europe’s principal seaports and busiest European traveler port, a world airfield, Barcelona–El bottom airfield, that handles over forty million passengers each year, an in depth thruway network, and a high-speed railway line with a link to France and also the remainder of Europe.

Pre-history

The origin of the earliest settlement at the location of contemporary port is unclear. The ruins of AN early settlement are found, together with completely different tombs and dwellings qualitative analysis to prior 5000 B.C.. The start of port is that the subject of 2 completely different legends. the primary attributes the start of town to the mythological Hercules. The second legend attributes the muse of town on to the historical Carthaginian general, Hamilcar Barca, father of Hannibal, UN agency purportedly named town Barcino once his family within the third century B.C., however there’s no historical or linguistic

Location

proof that this is often true.
Barcelona is found on the northeast coast of the Iberia, facing the Mediterranean Sea, on an understandable about five klick (3 mi) wide restricted by the chain of mountains of Collserola, the Llobregat stream to the southwest and also the Besòs stream to the north. This plain covers a region of a hundred and seventy km2 (66 sq mi), of that one zero one km2 (39.0 sq mi) ar occupied by town itself. it’s one hundred twenty kilometres (75 miles) south of the mountain chain and also the Catalan border with France.
Tibidabo, 512 m (1,680 ft) high, offers putting views over town and is lidded by the 288.4 m (946.2 ft) Torre Delaware Collserola, a telecommunications tower that’s visible from most of town. port is peppered with little hills, most of them urbanized, that gave their name to the neighbourhoods designed upon them, like Carmel (267 metres or 876 feet), Putget (181 metres or 594 feet) and Rovira (261 metres or 856 feet). The escarpment of Montjuïc (173 metres or 568 feet), settled to the southeast, overlooks the harbour and is lidded by Montjuïc Castle, a defense in-built the 17–18th centuries to manage town as a replacement for the Ciutadella. Today, the defense could be a deposit and Montjuïc is home to many sporting and cultural venues, furthermore as Barcelona’s biggest park and gardens.
The city borders on the municipalities of Santa Coloma Delaware Gramenet and Sant Adrià Delaware Besòs to the north; the Mediterranean Sea to the east; El bottom Delaware Llobregat and L’Hospitalet Delaware Llobregat to the south; and Sant Feliu Delaware Llobregat, Sant simply Desvern, Esplugues Delaware Llobregat, Sant Cugat del Vallès, and Montcada i Reixac to the west. The municipality includes 2 little sparsely-inhabited exclaves to the north-west.

According to Barcelona’s council, Barcelona’s population as of one January 2016 was one,608,746 people, on a area of one zero one.4 km2 (39 sq mi). it’s the most element of AN body space of bigger port, with a population of three,218,071 in a region of 636 sq. kilometres (246 sq. miles) (density five,060 hab/km²). The population of the populated area was four,840,000. it’s the central nucleus of the port metropolitan space, that depends on a population of five,474,482.

Updated: July 28, 2018 — 4:11 am

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